Copyright is vested with St John Ambulance Australia (the author). Reproduction by any means of written, graphical or photographic material appearing on this website for commercial purposes is strictly prohibited unless written permission is granted by the Australian Office of St John Ambulance Australia. Permission from the author is to be sought for the reproduction of all materials for non-commercial use apart from any use as permitted under the Australian Copyright Act 1968.
First Aid protocols and information by St John Ambulance Australia is for the Australian market only. The information is not a substitute for first aid training. All care has been taken by St John Ambulance Australia with the preparation of this information but the organisation takes no responsibility for its use by other parties or individuals.